History of Forest Management
Berar was assigned to the British Raj in 1853, and in 1865 the Forest Department started functioning by the appointment of an Assistant Conservator who worked under the guidance of the Conservator of Forests, Central Provinces. At that time, the forest of Amravati District continued to be managed by the Dy. Commissioner. In 1869-70, two forest divisions were formed in Berar namely the Northern and Southern division. But forests of Amravati district were still managed by the Dy. Commissioner and not included in these divisions. In 1871, the forests of these divisions were reorganized, but the management by the Dy. Commissioner continued under the settlement rules and district forest rules. In 1883, the Amravati forest Division was formed and all the forests of the district were placed under the control of a Divisional Forest Officer, who was subordinate to the Dy. Commissioner, as his Assistant in all Forest matters and Dy. Commissioner with the Conservator of Forests. In 1901, D.F.O. Amravati was directly placed under the Conservator of Forests. In 1964 old Buldhana Division was divided into Akola and Buldhana Division while the old Amravati division, was divided into three administrative units namely a) East Melghat b) West Melghat c) Amravati Sub-Division in 1964. Further, Amravati Sub-Division was raised to a status of a Division in 1983.
Amravati Territorial Circle includes Amravati, East Melghat, West Melghat and Buldhana Division. Area of Amravati, East melghat and West Melghat is spread out to district boundary of Amravati District while area of Buldhana Division is limited to district boundary of Buldhana District. Melghat region i.e. East Melghat and West Melghat Division is having a dense forests while forests in other area is scatter in nature. East Melghat Division is situated in the North East of Amravati District while West Melghat Division is situated in the North West of Amravati District. Forests of Amravati Circles is mostly belongs to ‘Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests’ as classified by Champion and Seth. Forests of Amravati Circle are having various types of species of timber and medicinal plants and various types of wild life. The important timber species are mainly Teak, Bija, Saja, Haldu, Kalam etc along with Dhawada, Tendu, Bhera, Garari, Moha, Salai etc tree species in large quantity. Natural bamboo occurs only in the areas of East Melghat and West Melghat Division while it is sparsely occurs in the area of Amravati and Buldhana Division.Amravati Circle is rich in wild life species and it includes Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Gaur, Spotted deer, Blue bull, Black buck, Wilddogs etc. Amravati Circle is rich in birds, migratory birds visits the tanks and forest area in the circle. For protection and conservation of wild life wild life divisions like Gugamal Wildlife, Melghat tiger Project, Wan Sanctuary etc established in the Amravati District. Similarly Narnala WL in Akola District and Nyanganga WL, Ambabarwa WL in Buldhana District are established. The management of these wild life divisions is done by their respective Conservator of Forests (Wild life).