Chief Conservator of Forest (Territorial), Amravati
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Fauna

The Wild animals noticed in the tract are:

Carnivora:-Tiger (Panthera tigris) Panther (Panthera pardus), Hyena (Hyena hyena), Jackal (Canis aureus), Indian Fox, (Vulpes bengalensis), Jungle cat (Felis chaus), Indian wild dog (Cuon alpinus).

Herbivora:- Four horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), Sambhar (Cervus unicolor), Barking deer (Muntiacus muntjac), Spotted deer (Axis axis), Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocambaelus), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Common Langur (Presbytis pileatus), Indian Hare (Lepus nigricollis), Black buck (Antilope cervicapra).

Omnivora:- Civet cat (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), Wild boar (Sus scrofa),

Aves: - Apart from the common birds the following avi-fauna are observed: -

Pea fowl (Pavo cristatus); grey jungle fowl (Gallus sonneratii); Painted partridge (Francolinus pictus); Common quail (Conturnix); Crow pheasant (Centrupus sinensis); yellow legged green pigeon; gray tit; pond heron; cattle egret; crested serpent eagle; Golden backed woodpecker (Dinopium bengalensis); Black drongo (Discrurus adsinillis); kingfisher; small kingfisher, Long billed and White back.

Flora

The forests of Melghat are entirely dry deciduous and belong to the formation ‘Dry Tropical Forests’ of the Champion and Seth’s “Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India ” and fall under the sub-group 5-A ‘Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests’.

Teak (Tectona grandis) is the most prominent species in the better quality forests. Haldu (Adina Cordifolia), and Dhawada (Anogeissus latifolia) are the main associates of teak while Saja (Terminalia tomentosa) forms a fair proportion in low-lying areas. Other associates are Lendia (Lagerstroemia parviflora), Kekad (Garuga pinnata), Kasai (Bridelia reusa), Kalamba (Mitragyna parviflora), Dobin (Dalbergia paniculata), Mokha (Schrebera swietenioides), Kahu (Terminalia arjuna), Bahera (Terminalia bellerica), Mahuwa (Madhuca latifolia), Amba (Mangifera indica), Bhilwa (Semecarpus anacardium), Bija (Pterocarpus marsupium), Kulu (Sterculia urens) and Kusum (Schleichera oleosa).

The understorey consists of Moyen (Lannea coromendelica), Tiwas (Ougeinia oogeinensis), Tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon), Dudhi (Wrightia tinctoria), Dhambaan (Grewia tiliaefolia), Aola (Emblica officinalis), Salai (Bosewllia serrata), Achar (Buchanania lanzan), Shiwan (Gmelina arborea), Gongal (Cochlospermum religiosum), Ghot (Zizyphus xylopyra), Bhosa (Bauhinia recemosa), Aran (Eleaeodendron glaucum), Ambaaltas (Cassia fistula), Palas (Butea monosperma), Rohan (Soymida febrifuga), Hirda (Terminalia chebula), Khair (Acacia catechu) and Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana).

The shrub under growth is sparse except the area invaded by Lantana, which forms practically impenetrable dense mass throughout the moist locality. However, it is rare or practically absent where bambaboos are present as in Dharni range or where dense growth of grass exists. Some compartments specially high elevated areas are occasionally invaded by Karvi (Carvia callosa) and bhandar (Colebrookia oppositifolia), Other shrubs that occur are Muradsheng (Helicteres isora), also known as Teak indicator. Nirgudi (Vitex negundo), Khirsali (Nyctanthes arbortristis),Bankapas (Aznza lampas), Vavding (Emblica tsjerium-cottam), Gokharu (Tribulus terrestris) Pithondi (Fluggea microcarpa).

Many herbs rises on the onset of monsoon among which most common are Safed Musali (Chlorophytum Borivallianem), Shatavari (Asparagus recemosus), Ran Haldi ( Curcuma psedomontana), Kali Musali (Curculigo orchiodes), and Kalavi (Gloriossa superba)

Most common abundant grasses are, Kusal (Heteropogan contortus), Pochati (Apluda mutica), Bhondal (Themada triandra), Sainer (Sehima nervosum), other grasses found are Marvel ( Dicanthium annulatum), Sheda (Ischaemum laxum), Pawanya (Ischaemum sulcatom) and Tikhadi (Cymbopogan martinii) 

Many climbers occurs in this Division. Mahul (Bauhinia vahilii), Palasbel

(Butea superba), Chilati (Acacia pinnata), Jijul (Sissus rependa), Ambatvel or Jangli draksha (Cayratia auriculata), are amount large woody climbers. And other climbers are Ranjai (Clematis triloba), Mankanguni (Celastrus panniculata), Herbel (Ventilago madraspatana), Gorbel (Pueraria tuberosa).

Jangli Kela (Musa superba) is found very scattered along the rocky hill sides and on slopes along the streams .

Medicinal Plants :

Most of the herbs mentioned above are the main medicinal plants. Other important species are Aola fruits, (Emblica officinalis), Behada (Terminalia bellarica), Talimkhana (Hydrophila scilli), Muradseng (Helicters isora), Biba (Semicarpus anacardium), tubur of Dioseore pentaphiylla and Garbel (Puerarua tuberosa), Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica), seeds of katchkuri, vai hirda (Terminalia chebula), is remarkably absent in this division.

Jungalikela is found very scattered along the rocky hillsides and on slopes along the streambeds.

Lantana, Bhandar (Colebrookia oppositifolia) and Karvi (Carvia callosa) have invaded large areas to the exclusion of other undergrowth. Most of the tops of ridges and plateau in the Akot, and Dhulghat ranges are under dense impenetrable lantana. It is generally observed that grazing areas were invaded by lantana. Kusal (Heteropogon contortus), Sainar (Sehima sulcatum) and Gondhali (Themeda triandra) are the common types of grasses found in this type. Tikhari (Cymbopogon martini) grass is also found here and there and is generally of ‘ sofia ’ variety.

 
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